Everest base camp is a beautiful campsite that is used by climbers during their mountain expedition. Everest base camp trek is an extremely safe journey as compared to the whole Everest Expedition. Although, you will face a lot of problems during your base camp journey. Everest base camp is one of the most popular tourist destinations. Nearly 40,000 people per year make their tour to the base camp. It is 5,364 meters high in altitude. It takes about 9-12 days to base camp and 4-5 days to get down depending upon your speed of walking and the route you trek. Any average person can afford the cost of Everest base camp trek. The majestic views and the thrilling adventure you will gain worth the cost.
More than 30 thousand tourists trek to Everest base camp in a single year.
Some people travel through the Base camp to climb Everest but for most of them its just base camp trekking.
There are no high passes to climb. Porters can be hired to carry the luggage, hotels are easy to find, and you can hire a guide to remain safe during your trekking. Such a beautiful place to enjoy and explore.
But during your base camp trek, you may face several issues that can obstruct your journey. The most known issues climbers face in the course of their trekking are:
Your journey starts from Lukla. The thrilling airport of Lukha is 3,000m from the sea level.
If you are from low altitude then it will be difficult for you to adjust. The more you walk towards the camp more difficult it will get. Everest Base Camp trek lies 5,364 meters high from the sea level. The oxygen percentage is 50% less than the sea level. Don’t trust the Sherpas and people of that region. They may hype you to rush and push your journey. They have spent their whole life in that region. Take your time. Adjust and move. Without any training and experience, you will face breathing problems. The basic to overcome such conditions is to move slow.
You should be aware before choosing your trekking package. Find a package that provides you days of acclimatization. Such a break in your journey will allow your body to adjust the climate. You can explore the surrounding during your acclimatization period.
The Air pressure and Altitude relation are shown below:
As you have seen, the air density decreases drastically. So without daybreak in your trek, altitude sickness can hit you easily. Altitude sickness shows symptoms like Headache, difficulty in breathing, loss of hunger, difficulty sleeping, rapid pulse. If any of these issues are seen on you then you must quit your journey and return to a lower altitude for treatment.
From Lukla, your standard 65 km journey to the base camp begins. Or 130km round trip from Lukla, Depending upon the route you choose. The vertical height is 2,500m so it is impossible to complete this route without any rest. It’s better to walk slowly but steadily.
But t is not as hard as it seems. An average person walks 5km/hr a day. A normal trek plan consists of 15km walking per day. So 3hrs of walking in one day isn’t too difficult for a normal person. Although rough, snowy, or sometimes slippery trails may slow you down. Walking slowly is the key to successful trekking.
Considering the difficult path, harsh climate, a total of 12-15 days are enough to complete your ascend and descend from the base camp. You can hire porters or yak to carry your luggage which is a plus point.
No matter how healthy or experienced a trekker is, walking up and down the hill will exhaust anybody. Don’t take any risk with your journey. Rest as much as you can. There are acclimatization days in your trek itinerary, make sure to utilize that daybreak.
The weather is so unpredictable at such high places.
Depending on the season you visit, the situation out there changes. In monsoon, the trek becomes wet and difficult, you may get random slip during your trek. So good trekking equipment like proper boots, raincoats are essential. In winter the routes become snowy but it is said to be less difficult as compared to monsoon. The temperature may decrease to -25 degrees. In this season, warm clothes are essential. Some routes may get closed due to heavy snowfall. It’s the trekker who chooses the ideal time for their trek. The best season for Everest base camp trek is Feb-May / Sept-Dec. But it isn’t sure that the weather won’t hamper the trek during the trekking season. Although the weather doesn’t change frequently, trekkers should be prepared for the challenges of the weather.
You don’t need a professional trainer or tough gym session to get ready for the base camp, some healthy exercise performed at home is enough. 3-4 hrs of daily stretching and exercise will adjust your body for such a long walk.
Without any physical fitness, a climber may face lots of problems. They are more likely to end their journey because of altitude sickness. Although Everest base camp can be trekked by any sort of people. It is not impossible for overweight people or less weight people or small people or tall people. Even differently-abled people can reach the base camp. But the main point is it will be a little difficult. For a physically unfit person, the base camp trek may take more days more than they have anticipated.
We recommend you to train to get ready for the trek. Some jogging, skipping, swimming or a long walk daily will definitely help you. You can spend a good time at the gym exercising your leg. It is quite a long walk. Your leg is more tired so prepare your leg. Jogging will definitely prepare your leg.
It is the difficulty that makes a trek beautiful. Without any obstacle, nothing tastes sweet. It is the trekker who should adapt the condition to play with it not against it. Adapting the condition, improving yourself and overcoming the difficulty is the basic to achieve any kind of success in life.